Most scholars seem to think that the human criminal condition is born out of nature as well as nurture. As we earlier read and discovered, Antonio Rappa reminded us that there is an urgent need to view the human-security condition as non-essentialist. “Our human-security condition”, for want of a better label Rappa says, “is contingent by nature. It seems a pity that being human is nothing less than conditional on the prospect of its own purpose.”

While scholars often shy away from “to take sides” in discussions over security and technology and the shifting role that law enforcement and security agencies play, in part due to the unbridled challenges that most of these discussions often surface, the growing focus of the role of technology and the impact on the policing and intelligence collection has become more pronounced in recent times. Management of these challenges whilst ensuring that the parameters of safety and security are adhered to has meant that states have been forced to relook existing legislation on the use of technology and its impact on intelligence and policing. The only way forward will be a consistent updating of legislation to ensure that security legislation will keep up with the shifts in new tactics, trends and available platforms that criminals are able to tap on to evade enforcement and intelligence agencies.

Additional Resources

Sharon Pickering, Jude McCulloch, David Wright-Neville, Counter Terrorism Policing: Community, Cohesion and Security, (Springer 2008).