In conclusion, the students must realise that there are conceptual and imaginary dimensions in security and technology. These dimensions are critical to the success of the fight against criminals and terrorists. Students must understand that new technologies must continuously be invented and innovated to create a large software resource from which counterterrorist agents and police can draw. First generation technologies in security are both anachronistic and redundant. New generation technologies are expensive and complex. The difference between first gen-tech and new gen-tech is clear: the opportunity cost of insecurity of lives and property.

The benefit that technology brings to our society and convenience that technology brings have even been claimed that Singapore’s success hinges on the consistent research of technology. Big data fuels intelligence-led interventions with the need to assess the cyber risk to the individual as well as to organisations.

Additional Resources

Foucault, Michel. “Technologies of the Self.” Lectures at University of Vermont Oct. 1982, in Technologies of the Self, 16-49. Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1988